TRACER STUDY

The purpose of the study is to make investigation on career related profile of the LBC graduates.
  • 22 Aug 2017
  • Lumbini Banijya Campus
  • 0 Comments
TRACER STUDY

A REPORT ON

TRACER STUDY

 

 

 

Submitted to:

UNIVERSITY GRANT COMMISSION

Sanothimi, Bhaktapur

 

 

 

Submitted by:

LUMBINI BANIJYA CAMPUS

Butwal-13, Rupandehi

 

 

 

For the Year 2072

 

Chaitra, 2073

Butwal, Nepal

 

 

 

Acknowledgement

This study was prepared for submission to University Grant Commission, Bhaktapur as one of the requirements that the quality accredited academic institution should do. During the preparation of this report, many people assisted us for different purposes.

First of all, we would like to acknowledge department of Research and Development, University Grant Commission, Bhaktapur for providing this opportunity to review the students’ profile for different years.  We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Devraj Adhikari, Member Secretary at University Grant Commission and Prof. Dr. Hridaya Ratna Bajracharya, Technical Advisor of University Grant Commission, who provided us invaluable supports and suggestions for making this study more scientific.

Furthermore, we express our heartfelt gratitude to all the graduates of Lumbini Banijya Campus. They were very kind and open to fill the questionnaire up without any objection despite their busy schedule.

Last but not the least, we also thank to Tertiary Education Commission. Their questionnaire worked as reference for developing our questionnaire for data collection.

 

Executive Summary

Lumbini Banijya Campus was selected as Regional Level ‘A’ Category educational institution by University Grants Commission (UGC) under its Secondary Higher Education Project (SHEP) in 2008 and accredited by UGC Nepal in 2012. This tracer study investigates the output aspect of qualities in the campus. The main purpose of this study was to make investigation on the career related profile of the LBC graduates.

            This study has considered the students who graduated Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) in 2072 BS. The total number of students taken as respondents for this research (n) was 161. The data were collected by using structured questionnaire which was designed and passed by department of Research and Development, University Grant Commission, Bhaktapur. The questionnaires were administered by the students themselves.

            The analysis showed that the significant number of graduates and post-graduates has been engaged in the employment. About 40.45 per cent of the pass out students in the year 2072 were engaged in the full-time job just after the completion of the study. This shows that Lumbini Banijya Campus has continuously been contributing the society through creating and developing competent human assets the current turbulent market demands.

52.17 per cent of the respondents have been working at assistant level job. It is not the matter of worry since they are all fresher. It is concluded that the BBS programs at Lumbini Banijya Campus have been running very smoothly and achieving its academic goals every year.

Besides, this study created the opportunity to figure out some lacunas of the campus. Lastly, therefore, it is again recommended that UGC should consistently persuade to conduct this study in the more scientific way.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

Cover Page                                                                                                                             I

Acknowledgement                                                                                                                   II

Executive Summary                                                                                                                 III

Table of Content                                                                                                                      IV       

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background                                                                                                                      1

1.2 Objectives of the Study                                                                                                    1

1.3 Institutional Arrangements to Conduct Study                                                                 2

1.4 Graduate Batch Taken for the Study                                                                               2

1.5 Data Collection                                                                                                                 3

1.6 Scope and Limitations of the Study                                                                                 4

CHAPTER TWO: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS                           

2.1 Employment Status of the Graduates                                                                               5

2.2 Source of Information for Job                                                                                          6

2.3 The Nature of the Institution in Which the Graduates Have Joined                                6

2.4 Job Position of the LBC Graduates in Workplace                                                           6

2.5 Contribution of Academic Program in Personal Development                                        7

2.6 Tentative Job Satisfaction of Graduates at Workplace                                                    8

2.7 Graduates’ Job Turnover Intention                                                                                   8

2.8 Strengths and Weaknesses of Programs as Perceived by Post-Graduates of LBC          8

2.9 Implications of the Study                                                                                                 9

 

CHAPTER THREE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

3.1 Conclusion                                                                                                                        10

3.2 Recommendations                                                                                                                        10

APPENDICES

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 Background

Lumbini Banijya Campus can be conceived as the only academic institution at Butwal that concentrates merely in management discipline. Situated at the heart of Butwal Municipality, Lumbini Banijya Campus was established on 1982 A.D. During its beginning, the campus was run for Proficiency Certificate Level (PCL) of Commerce in the morning shift supported by the premises of Butwal municipality. In 1986 A.D., Lumbini Banijya Campus began to run Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com.) affiliated to Tribhuvan University. Afterwards, Proficiency Certificate Level (PCL) classes were started on day shift too. In the course of expansion, this campus was able to come up with Master of Business Studies (MBS) in 2001A.D. along with the program policy of phasing out certificate level by Tribhuvan University.

Lumbini Banijya Campus was selected as Regional Level ‘A’ Category educational institution by University Grants Commission (UGC) under its Secondary Higher Education Project (SHEP) in 2008. The representatives from UGC visited campus to facilitate prepare Self Study Report (SSR) drafting process. The first report was presented by the campus to UGC for approval in April 2011. Lumbini Banijya Campus was eventually accredited by UGC Nepal on 12th April, 2012.

This study traces out facts and information important to figure out the real qualities of the campus, especially in terms of its outputs which may be measured with the help of profile of the pass out students. This report has also thrown some lights on the weaknesses of the institution in the form of recommendations.

 

1.2 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this Tracer Study was to investigate the profiles of the students graduated from this campus. However, this objective could be fulfilled along with the following specific objectives –

  • To examine the employment status of the graduates,
  • To examine the quality and relevance of the higher education, and
  • To examine the contribution of higher education in graduates’ personal development.

 

1.3 Institutional Arrangements to Conduct Study

This Tracer Study is not new to Lumbini Banijya Campus. Similar study had been conducted by this campus in the last year. Though Lumbini Banijya Campus has no separate department to carry out this study, one staff and other resources needed to conduct this research have been allocated to carry out tracer study. One of the staffs was sent to the office of the University Grants Commission (UGC) to participate on orientation class which was focused on how to come up with perfect and objective-based report of Tracer Study. Besides, the expertise and prior experience of our invaluable intellectual capital in conducting tracer study has made this project successful.

 

1.4 Graduate Batch Taken for the Study

The students who passed Bachelor of Business Study (BBS) in 2072 BS from Lumbini Banijya Campus were under this study. Hence taken, the total number of students included in this study (n) is 161. The characteristics of the respondents of this study have been presented in the following Tables.

Table 1.1

Characteristics of the respondents

Gender

No of Graduate

Percentage

Male

80

49.69

Female

81

50.31

Total

161

100

    Source: Survey, 2017

Table 1.1 shows sample characteristics based on gender of the students at two different programs. It is obvious that 50.31 per cent of the respondents were female and 49.69 per cent were male.

 

 

Table 1.2

Education Level of Students’ Father

Father's Education Level

Frequency

Percentage

None

10

6.71

Primary

50

34.23

Secondary

61

40.94

Tertiary

28

18.79

Total

149

100

Source: Survey, 2017

Table 1.3

Education Level of Students’ Mother

Father's Education Level

Frequency

Percentage

None

32

21.62

Primary

65

43.92

Secondary

39

26.35

Tertiary

12

8.11

Total

148

100

Source: Survey, 2017

Table 1.2 and Table 1.3 show the status of parents’ education level. Comparing these two tables, it can be claimed that students’ fathers have got higher education than that of their mothers. Out of the total fathers, 18.79 per cent have got tertiary education whereas only 8.11 per cent of their mothers have got this level of education.

1.5 Data Collection

The standardized and structured questionnaire was designed and sent by University Grants Commission (UGC) to the campus administration. All the data were collected using the same questionnaire. Graduates were contacted through telephone, face book, and e-mail using database built in by the campus administration. Though most of the graduates visited Lumbini Banijya Campus to fill up the questionnaire under its request, others were visited at their work station, or at home. For the students at abroad, the questionnaire was sent through e-mail, they were requested to download the doc file and overwrite on it to fill up the information, then to send it back. Their responses were, however, better. Some of the students were asked to reply questions on the structured questionnaire via telephone interview. The questionnaires were self-administered by the graduates of Lumbini Banijya Campus. In short, the contingent approach had been applied for data collection.

 

1.6 Scope and Limitations of the Study

This study has covered important information about graduates including their employment status, self employment status, employment experiences in case they are engaged somewhere in others’ institutions, and the higher degree they have achieved or going to achieve.

Despite the enormous encouragement of UGC Nepal and massive effort of the administrative staffs of this campus, this study could not remain free from the limitations. This study is concerned with the students who have got graduation in management from this campus. However, the tradition of conducting Tracer Study began lately in this institution, especially after having got accreditation from University Grants Commission (UGC) Nepal. Because of this, it was very difficult to have access over all the graduates who passed through this campus since its establishment. Since the prior tracer report covered the students of  Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS).  In this respect, the current study has covered the students who got graduation in 2072 BS.

The further improved set of questionnaire was sent by UGC later on when data for the first tracer report had already been prepared. However, this report has been prepared on the basis of latest questionnaire recommended by University Grants Commission. The questionnaire includes expectations and aspirations of the graduates, relevance of the programs, and contribution of their study in their personal development.

 

CHAPTER TWO

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

 

2.1 Employment Status of the Graduates

The employment status of the students studied in this campus during past years has been given in this section. Table 2.1 to Table 2.8 depict the summary of students’ employment status, source of current job’s information, the job position, contribution of academic program in enhancing students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes, tentative job satisfaction level, and major strength and weaknesses of BBS program as perceived by the students examine these tables individually in short.

            Table 2.1 shows both absolute and relative figures of the employment status of the student as a whole. Out of the 161 students included in this study, only 36 students were employed for full-time indicating that 40.45 per cent of the total students were employed.

Table 2.1

Employment Status of Graduate and Post-graduate Students 

Current Job Position

Frequency

Percentage

Working full-time

36

40.45

Working part-time but seeking full-time work

9

10.11

Working part-time not looking for full-time

2

2.25

Self-employed

7

7.86

Not working and looking for a job

35

39.33

Other, Please specify

0

0

Total

89

100

Source: Survey, 2017

This result further shows that 7 percent of the total students have created their own job which reveals that the program has been contributing on the entrepreneurship development of the country. Furthermore, 9 per cent students have been engaged just in part-time job but they are seeking full-time job. 39.33 per cent students found unemployed.

 

2.2 Source of Information for Job

Where did students get the information about job vacancy? This is specially the interest of a human resource manager. Table 2.2 depicts the response of the students which revealed that advertising media was the most dominant (with 44.44 per cent) source of information about the job vacancy.

 

Table 2.2

Source of Information for Job 

How did you know about your current job?

Frequency

Percentage

Through friends

14

22.22

Through relatives

12

19.05

Through written enquiries

6

9.5

Ad in media

28

44.44

Other sources

3

4.76

Total

63

100

                   Source: Survey, 2017

 

 

2.3 The Nature of the Institution in Which the Graduates Have Joined

Private institutions have been seen as the most important source of employment generation for graduates (88.23 percent) followed by public institutions (7.84 per cent).

 

Table 2.3

Nature of the Organization in Which They Are Employed

Type of organization

Frequency

Percentage

Private

45

88.23

Public

4

7.84

NGO/INGO

0

0

Government

2

3.92

Total

51

100

                   Source: Survey, 2017

 

2.4 Job Position of the LBC Graduates in Workplace

Table 2.4 shows the job position hold by the graduate of Lumbini Banijya Campus in different institutions. It was found that 52.17 percent of the respondents have been holding assistant level job position. Only 13.04 per cent of the graduates have been working in the senior level position. However, this result is not pessimistic in the sense that they have time enough to grow up to higher level position. It has not been so long that they have got master level education.

 

Table 2.4

Designation of the LBC Students in Workplace

Designation in the job

Frequency

Percentage

Sr. Level

6

13.04

Mid. Level

11

23.91

Operation Level

5

10.87

Assistant Level

24

52.17

Total

46

100

 

 

 

 

 

     Source: Survey, 2017

 

2.5 Contribution of Academic Program in Personal Development

Respondents were given with 7 statements and asked to give their opinion in the 6-point scaled format in separate section. Table 2.5 shows the no of respondents and mean value of their responses.

Table 2.5

Contribution of BBS  in the Development of Knowledge, Skills, and Attitude

Statements

 

N

Mean

Enhanced academic knowledge

 

146

3.55

Improved problem-solving skills

 

145

         3.48

Improved research skills

 

145

3.17

Improved learning efficiency

 

145

3.75

Improved communication skills

 

148

3.75

Improved IT skills

 

142

3.23

Enhanced team spirit

 

143

3.36

Overall Response

 

 

24.31

         Source: Survey, 2017

         

The results on the table above showed that BBS  program contributed most strongly in their learning efficiency and improved communication skills, since the mean response for these question is the highest one i.e.3.75. The overall mean score also show satisfactory result since the lowest range is 0 and the highest range in 42. The observed overall mean score is 24.31 which is greater than standard overall mean score i.e. 21.

2.6 Tentative Job Satisfaction of Graduates at Workplace

Table 2.6 shows tentative job satisfaction of the students who passed BBS from this institution. Respondents were found satisfied from their job. 54.35 per cent of the graduates responded that they are satisfied from what they are assigned for and where they entered into. Very few (5.41 per cent) of the respondents were not satisfied from their job.

Table 2.6

Tentative Job Satisfaction of LBC Graduates and Post-graduates

Satisfaction level

Frequency

Percentage

Very much

3

8.12

Much

19

51.35

A little

13

35.13

Not satisfied

2

5.41

Total

37

100

Source: Survey, 2017

 

2.7 Graduates’ Job Turnover Intention

Despite the satisfaction on their job, 48.8 per cent of the respondents intended to leave their current job and organization. Similarly, 51.2 per cent reported that they don’t want to change the organization and their jobs (Table 2.7).

 Table 2.7

Intention to Job Turnover

Do you want to stay in the same job?

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

16

48.48

No

17

      51.52

Total

33

100

Source: Survey, 2017

 

2.8 Strengths and Weaknesses of Programs as Perceived by Graduates of LBC

Table 2.8 presents results on the strength and weaknesses of the BBS program as perceived by the students graduated from Lumbini Banijya Campus. The students’ perception on Teacher student relationship of Lumbini Banijya Campus was quite good with its mean score 4.2; which has also the highest mean value among all the statements. Since all the statements have mean value greater than their standard mean value,

Table 2.8

Strengths and Weaknesses of BBS  Programs as Perceived by Graduates

Statements

N

     Mean

Range of courses offered

462

3.25

Number of optional subjects

464

3.38

Relevance of the program to your professional requirements

421

3.21

Extracurricular activities

443

3.16

Problem solving

497

3.5

Inter-discipline learning

482

3.52

Work placement

434

3.24

Teaching learning environment

533

3.81

Quality of delivery

488

3.51

Teacher student relationship

563

4.2

Library/Lab etc.

523

3.93

Overall Response

 

38.50

    Source: Survey, 2017

 

In this case, since there are altogether 11 statements, the standard mean value for evaluation is 33. The overall mean response of the graduates in many respects is 38.50. Therefore, it is plausible that the academic programs – Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) at Lumbini Banijya Campus has been running smoothly and achieving its academic goals.

 

2.9 Implications of the Study

This systematic act of collecting and analyzing the situation of pass out students to their employment status to their present designation led us know how we did and what were lacking.

Further, this endeavor allowed us to establish our past family members and enrich us to know about way of living. To those who already have established themselves, can be requested to assist/facilitate to engage present and future students in the institution they are engaged in or through their referral.

Innovative ideas, suggestions, and complaints are considered as an essence to transform Lumbini Banijya Campus itself into a more value-centered public institution. Such valuable feedbacks, though they were to be reviewed and analyzed on subjective base, were gathered through this Tracer Study. This study, thus we think, is imperative to conduct persistently.

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

3.1 Conclusion

A large number of students were working while studying at Lumbini Banijya Campus. This may have significant impact on the current employment status of the respondents. However, the employment status of the pass out students has been analyzed in the last chapter. The analysis showed that the significant number of graduates has been engaged in the employment.

Large number of respondents got information about job vacancy from advertising media. It shows that most of the respondents joined organization on their own capabilities and passed rigorous process of recruitment and selection.

Most of the students have got job opportunities in private institutions at assistant level. However, some of them are also working in the senior level post. Furthermore, they are mostly satisfied with the organization they are working in. As contradiction, they intended to turnover their job and organizations. The reasons why they intended to turn over though they are satisfied could not be analyzed.

Respondents opined that there was significant contribution of BBS program on developing their knowledge, skills and attitude.

 

3.2 Recommendations

On the basis of the conclusion drawn in this study, some of the recommendations have been forwarded to the stakeholders:

1. Lumbini Banijya Campus should conduct this type of study under its full-fledged Research and Development Department. The resources to carry out this research should be allocated sufficiently. For example, a competent employee should be assigned with this rigorous job who must be responsible to collect data over the months and assist in publication of The Lumbini Journal of Business and Economics; which is the only journal this campus publishes.

2. The Tracer Study has fed back lot of fruitful information to the campus, especially which can be used for further improvement in the quality of teaching learning process. Therefore, it should be conducted on the regular basis and the department of Research and Development of UGC should consistently persuade to conduct this study more scientific (valid, reliable, and objective) and deeper.

 

0 Comments

Post Your Comments